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Michael Fry "Here's the real truth on Henry Dundas and whether he 'prolonged' slavery" The National, 16-6-20, at 12-13. 3da. Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, PC, FRSE (28 April 1742 – 28 May 1811) was a Scottish advocate and "independent Whig" politician.He was the trusted lieutenant of British prime minister William Pitt, and the most powerful man in Scotland in the latter decades of the 18th century. Given the renewed focus on Britain's involvement in the slave trade, and Henry Dundas's role in delaying its abolition in 1796 there has been debate about the appropriateness of his statue remaining 'as is' in Edinburgh. "Slave trading by British ships was not abolished until 1807. ; (2) 2 Apr. Henry had 5 siblings: Commander Frederick George Dundas, Canon Charles Leslie Dundas, George Albert Dundas, Sidney Dundas and Margaret Adelaide Dundas. BBC Scotland will tonight broadcast a documentary called “Scotland, Slavery and Statues”, which deals with the current controversy over Henry Dundas. He had, for example, led the way in Parliament in showing there was a large body of MPs ready to accept the reality of an American victory in the War of Independence. Melanie Newton s. of Robert Dundas† of Arniston by 2nd w. Anne, da. Yet the case I could make for Dundas in the present dispute has nothing to do with any of these points. of John, 2nd Earl of Hopetoun [S], s.p. Henry Dundas, above, the 1st Viscount Melville, is commemorated at the Melville Monument in Edinburgh. Secondly, I have an interest because I am also the author of the most recent biography of Dundas, published in 1993 by Edinburgh University Press. Meanwhile, it would show that the vested interests involved were getting a hearing. Bobby Dundas added that his ancestor was a "politician of vision and integrity" who had "no personal involvement in the slave trade". In moving against the slave trade, the government had to take care not to alienate the many backbench MPs with connections in the City of London, where much of the wealth was held in the form of distant plantations and the wretched blacks who worked them. Althea Dundas-Baker (pictured with her daughter, Henrietta), the owner of Arniston House, Henry Dundas's birthplace in Midlothian, Scotland, said her ancestor has been 'falsely accused'. It was erected in 1821, 14 years after his death. Furthermore, some locations named after Henry Dundas might come under pressure to address their association with his name. The Melville Monument is a 150-foot high monumental column.One of the most prominent memorials in Edinburgh, it commemorates Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, whose statue surmounts the column.. Polémique sur Dundas et le mouvement abolitionniste. Who's behind the recent killings in Iraq? and coh. The Category A listed column dominates St Andrew Square, in the heart of the New Town which Dundas helped to establish. Henry Dundas (1742 – 1811) was a Conservative politician, Scottish Advocate and the first Secretary of State for War - some historians claim that he delayed the abolition of slavery in 1792. Holocaust Memorial Day 2021: 'It's sad when I sit there alone' VideoHolocaust Memorial Day 2021: 'It's sad when I sit there alone'. It was reignited after anti-racism protests brought cities' colonial or slave-owning history to the forefront of public discussion. Genealogy for Henry Dundas (1742 - 1811) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. With historians also debating the actions of Henry Dundas, the programme asks how Scotland as a country can come to an agreement on this and … As it was, he became Pitt’s right-hand man in a government that been elected with a mandate for radical reform in the UK, but saw too many of its hopes dashed as the French Revolution dragged it into 20 years of war with an old enemy in a new guise. EU demands AstraZeneca vaccine doses made in UK1, Travellers must prove journey is essential - Patel2, Gymnast's 'black excellence' routine goes viral3, Boy sentenced for racist coronavirus street attack4, Hogging vaccines endangers all nations, warns SA5, Biden to halt new drilling on federal lands6, Police detain 200 after deadly India farmer protests7, Why convicting Trump just got a lot harder8, Trapped Chinese miners saved after knocking on pipe9, Juno actor Elliot Page to divorce Emma Portner10. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Dundas,_1st_Viscount_Melville The 150ft Melville Monument in St Andrew Square honours 18th Century politician Henry Dundas, who delayed the abolition of the slave trade. Sir Tom Devine: Scapegoating of Henry Dundas on the issue of Scottish slavery is wrong - and BBC documentary was a miserable failure. "Dundas was a contentious figure, provoking controversies that resonate to this day. BBC Scotland will tonight broadcast a documentary called “Scotland, Slavery and Statues”, which deals with the current controversy over Henry… He was the first Secretary of State for War and became, in 1806, the last person to be impeached in the United Kingdom, for misappropriation of public money.Although acquitted, he never held public office again. Scotland thereby abolished slavery on its own soil, except in a single detail that still allowed white people to be held in bondage if they happened to have been born into it, an outdated custom among miners and salt panners. In an exclusive Herald on Sunday essay, Scottish historian Sir Tom Devine asserts his belief that the abolition of slavery was ‘nigh impossible in… Read full article: Sir Tom Devine: Scapegoating of Henry Du...→ #Tom Devine; #Henry Dundas; 2020-10-25. He said that after a failed attempt by politicians to get the abolition of slavery through parliament, "the only way to get it abolished and a majority vote through parliament was to insert the word 'gradual' into the legislation". Bobby Dundas spoke out after a row about an 1827 statue of Henry Dundas. This documentary follows the debate over how controversial politician Henry Dundas should be remembered. But King George III refused to accept his Cabinet’s advice on this and they, including Dundas, had to resign. A Gannett Company. The Melville Monument in Edinburgh has become a focal point for Black Lives Matter protests. HE had to be taken seriously because he was in parliamentary politics a Mr Fix-it, a man less interested in government as a branch of philosophy and more as a matter of practical achievement. Video, The dressmaker helping Australia with modified masks, Who's behind the recent killings in Iraq? Those ads you do see are predominantly from local businesses promoting local services. 1742 April 28, 1742. That supremacy was now used to suppress the transatlantic slave trade. Video. Indeed, with his acute sense of the state of opinion in the House of Commons and in the country, Dundas might have made a better reformer. Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, Baron Dunira PC FRSE (28 April 1742, Arniston, Midlothian – 28 May 1811, Edinburgh) was a Scottish advocate and Tory politician. Birth of Hon. IT is a striking stone column that for nearly 200 years has been one of the most prominent features of Edinburgh’s iconic skyline. Although dead now for more than two centuries, Dundas from time to time still steps into the limelight, usually in some contentious context (which he would have relished). It was erected in 1821, 14 years after his death. A BBC Scotland spokesman said: ‘We reject criticism that the documentary Scotland, ... particularly relating to Henry Dundas, ensuring the content was accurate and enlightening. Furthermore, some locations named after Henry Dundas might come under pressure to address their association with his name. Brian Monteith "Obliterating our history by removing statues is path to repeating mistakes" The Scotsman, 15-6-20. He was the first Secretary of State for War and became, in 1806, the last person to be impeached in the United Kingdom, for misappropriation of public money.Although acquitted, he never held public office again. VideoThe dressmaker helping Australia with modified masks, A raccoon, pony and other White House pets. This site is part of Newsquest's audited local newspaper network. With historians also debating the actions of Henry Dundas, the programme asks how Scotland as a country can come to an agreement on this and … I agree. 1768 September 28, 1768. This is a video on behalf of Sir Geoff Palmer to help encourage the Council to change the wording on the plaque of the Henry Dundas Statue, Edinburgh. Dalkeith g.s. Henry Dundas, nicknamed the ‘Great Tyrant’, used his position as home secretary, to set the move back 15 years in 1792. He was an autocrat, imperialist and reactionary opponent of political reform in Scotland. In Bristol, a statue of slave trader Edward Colston was removed by protesters. The dressmaker helping Australia with modified masks. In a ministerial career spanning 30 years he dealt with almost every aspect of Scottish affairs, while also organising the British war effort in the struggle against revolutionary France. Henry Dundas is commemorated at the Melville Monument in St Andrews Square; Statue was graffitied as his role in delaying abolition of slavery was highlighted; But direct descendants of Dundas have accused campaigners of ‘sensationalism’ A family member said: ‘It boils down to him being falsely accused of something’ By Katie Weston For Mailonline. Dundas had nothing to do with the eventual success of slave trade abolition. Le 7 juin 2020, lors d'une manifestation Black Lives Matter, le monument de Melville a été tagué par des militants anti-esclavage [2]. Henry Dundas, the first Viscount Melville, died in 1811. I wanted to write it because he had distinguished himself in activities that made him one of the leaders of his age in Scotland. 1742, 2nd surv. BBC News "Henry Dundas descendant defends ancestor's record" 14-6-20. What happens to your body in extreme heat? Published from its offices at 200 Renfield Street Glasgow and printed in Scotland by Newsquest (Herald & Times) a division of Newsquest Media Group Ltd, registered in England & Wales with number 01676637 at Loudwater Mill, Station Road, High Wycombe HP10 9TY – a Gannett company. Henry Dundas, empire and genocide Suggesting that ‘the uncrowned King of Scotland’ worked to end slavery, rather to entrench it, is irresponsible revisionism and bad history. BBC - Your Paintings - Henry Dundas, Viscount Melville; BBC - Your Paintings - The 1st Viscount Melville; view all Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville's Timeline. Family of the controversial conservative politician have said their ancestor has been treated unfairly, and wrongly associated with delaying the abolition of slavery. Read about our approach to external linking. ; Edinburgh Univ. "This represents Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville (1742 - 1811). "Effectively he has been made out to be a mass murderer when, in fact, he was in favour of abolishing slavery. Henry Dundas biographies: in the History of Parliament and DNB (by Michael Fry) Steve McKenzie of BBC Highland chronicles here outstanding black African and Caribbean contributions to Scotland, including Andrew Watson the first black international footballer. These MPs had thrown out all previous abolitionist motions. Henry Dundas' actions ensured slavery continued for longer. ... BBC - Your Paintings - Henry Dundas, Viscount Melville; BBC - Your Paintings - The 1st Viscount Melville; view all Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville's Timeline. Collectively they paid for his memorial, the statue that still stands today atop a column in St Andrew’s Square, Edinburgh, his home town. 2. Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, also known as ‘the Great Tyrant’ was an active supporter of slavery. Last week Edinburgh City Council proposed adding a plaque to the column in the centre of St Andrews Square, which the statue sits on, describing Henry Dundas as a "contentious figure" who was "instrumental in deferring the abolition of the Atlantic slave trade". Nicola Sturgeon has surpassed herself in these hard Covid times, but ... Henry Dundas's biographer rejects claims politician was against slavery, Michael Fry: Henry Dundas stood against the slave trade, this proves it. Are you sure you want to delete this comment? 49. Always a controversial figure, he made many enemies but also enjoyed high renown among a wider public. Holocaust Memorial Day 2021: 'It's sad when I sit there alone' Video, Holocaust Memorial Day 2021: 'It's sad when I sit there alone', Travellers must prove journey is essential - Patel, Gymnast's 'black excellence' routine goes viral, Boy sentenced for racist coronavirus street attack, Police detain 200 after deadly India farmer protests, Trapped Chinese miners saved after knocking on pipe, Juno actor Elliot Page to divorce Emma Portner, The stories behind the statues targeted in protests, statue of slave trader Edward Colston was removed by protesters, Last week Edinburgh City Council proposed adding a plaque. of Sir William Gordon, 1st Bt., of Invergordon, Ross. The BBC’s programme is intended to explore these questions. The Category A listed column dominates St Andrew Square, in the heart of the New Town which Dundas helped to establish. Who are the Dundas family? The present example is a good one. Within Scotland, he had acted for a former black slave, Joseph Knight, when he petitioned the Court of Session to free him from his master after both had returned from Jamaica. In Ireland, the same was true of Catholics and Presbyterians. Hogging vaccines endangers all nations, warns SA, Biden to halt new drilling on federal lands, The comic in jail for jokes he didn't crack, Why convicting Trump just got a lot harder, When your 'pandemic puppy' doesn't work out, Dave Grohl: 'I dreamt I was shot in the back', The dressmaker helping Australia with modified masks. © 2021 BBC. But now clamour is growing for the removal of the statue of Henry Dundas, the 1st Viscount Melville, from St Andrew Square in Edinburgh as awareness has grown that he was instrumental in prolonging the slave trade involving the UK for many years. He was a controversial figure during his own lifetime, a defender of the British Empire and its expansion. If you are dissatisfied with the response provided you can contact IPSO here. Here, too, Dundas, as the architect of British naval supremacy after the Battle of Trafalgar, served his country well. While home secretary in 1792 and first Secretary of State for War in 1796 he was instrumental in deferring the abolition of the Atlantic slave trade. ©Copyright 2001-2021. He reconciled his country to the Union of 1707 and so guided it into a global role it would never have found otherwise. And he was one of the constructors of the later British empire, especially in India. Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, was a Scottish advocate and Tory politician, who entered the Cabinet in 1791 as Secretary of State. Published. In the Scotland of his time, people might still be politically disfranchised for their religion. Henry passed away on November 16 1908, at age 65 in Hampshire, England. On his debut in 1881 he captained Scotland to a 6-1 win over England at the Oval, England’s heaviest defeat on home soil. READ MORE: Henry Dundas's biographer rejects claims politician was against slavery, The political need was to give them some reason for moderating their hostility, so as to allow the abolitionists their first victory of some kind. Birth of Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville. A 150ft column with a statue of the politician – known as the Melville Monument – stands in St Andrews Square and was vandalised during the Black Lives Matter protest in the Scottish capital on Sunday. The first is that I was invited to appear on the programme, and indeed was interviewed for it. David Rannie, shipbuilder, of Melville Castle, 1s. He was impeached in the United Kingdom for misappropriation of public money and although acquitted, he never held public office again. "Dundas both defended and expanded the British empire, imposing colonial rule on indigenous peoples. 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Black Lives Matter protests over how controversial politician Henry Dundas statue was removed by protesters Henrietta... High School of Edinburgh before studying law at Edinburgh University might be decided later about 1827... Speeches: “ the slave trade ought to be a mass murderer when, in particular the. Those ads you do see are predominantly from local businesses to get in of..., 2nd Earl of Hopetoun [ s ], s.p the programme, and associated. Was, in particular, the dressmaker helping Australia with modified masks, Who 's behind recent... Removed by protesters over how controversial politician Henry Dundas, BBC Home Service Basic,,. Challenges the arguments that the vested interests involved were getting a hearing United Kingdom for misappropriation public! Many enemies but also enjoyed High renown among a wider public activities that made him one of the Town.

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